||In Francia: Estrangle chien, Spar in Languedoc, Mataró, Balzac, Macalu; in Corsica: Rossola nera; in Spagna (Catalogna): Morastell o Monastrell; in Algeria: Matterou.
||End of September - first decade of October.
|Areas of cultivation
||It is the vine symbol of southern France, we find it a bit everywhere, although it is towards the sea that offers the best results. It loves sun and warm, it is quite late and is almost in symbiosis with the Mistral (the maestral wind blowing often in these lands) and the daily sea breezes that help keep it from the diseases it is often subjected to.
||Its origins are Spanish and precisely in the city of Mourviedro near Valencia, although others think it is originally from the area of Barcelona where Mataro is called (as in California). One last hypothesis is that it came to Europe through the Phoenician merchants who would have planted it in Provence. Now it is one of the vines that is experiencing an incredible success and are planting it in California, Argentina, Chile, Australia and is considered to be one of the vineyards of the future.
||Leaf: full or trilobata orbital form, with open petiole breast, large teeth, medium to base width, straight margins with anthocyanin medial pigmentation of the ribs, flat limb with the lower side characterized by a strong denseness of straight hairs And creepers.
Bunch: medium large, conical, tight, sometimes winged, compact.
Acino: medium size and spherical shape, thick black peel with abundant raisins and compact flesh with slightly bitter taste.
|Characteristics of the wine obtained from this grape variety
||When she gets older she does not lose her character and develops elegant aromas of red fruits, undergrowth, animals, leather, truffles etc.
||Disease resistance: slightly susceptible to gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) and to the exotic.