The reliefs are rich in valleys in the Prealps in the central part and rise in the chain of the Southern Alps to the east and north-east (which culminate at 3412 m at the Aiguille de Chambeyron - Alpes-de-Haute-Provence). The coasts from Marseille to Menton are rather steep (Calanques - Maures - Esterel). Erosion due to violent summer storms can form very deep gorges. The plans of Haute Provence border the pre-Alps from the central hills (Plateau de Valensole - Plan de Canjuers - Plateau d'Albion). The west of the region is marked by the plain of the Crau and the Camargue which are the only true flat areas of the Provençal region.
Known for its food, beautiful landscapes, endless fields of lavender, the Provence attracts tourists from all over the world, seduced by the relaxed and genuine atmosphere of this beautiful region of the south-east of the France. Although food represents the main gastronomic element of the area, the vino also plays a very important role, just as an accompaniment to typical dishes.
The history of the introduction of vineyards in the region is not well known, but it is thought to be a Greek or Italic influence. The wine-making tradition of the ancient Romans was undoubtedly fundamental for the diffusion of the vineyards in Gaul, a tradition that reached maturity thanks to the intense succession of different cultures and influences, first of all the Romans, then the Carolingian Empire, the Saracens, the Holy Roman Empire and the numerous feudal lords and not , of Toulouse, d 'Angiò, of Savoia and of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The latter was precisely the power that gave a decisive turn to the Provencal production of wine, through the diffusion of various types of vines.
To create the environment suitable for the production of wine is the particular position of Provence, overlooking the sea and affected both by sun and heat (in summer temperatures can be very high), which from the relief of the sea breeze, but also the soil quality promotes the cultivation and production of excellent wines. In fact it is rich in silica and is made up of pebbles which, according to the winemakers, contribute to give fullness to the product.
Climate and soil allow the perfect ripening of the grapes and the obtaining of excellent wines, mainly rosati, perfect to accompany the meat dishes of the area, but also rossi and < b> whites of Italian and French influence. Recall the rosé Miraval and Chateau Riotor, among the whites the Chardonnay and the Sauvignon Blanc and among the reds < b> Braquet and the Cabernet Sauvignon.