Barossa Valley in the south of Australia, located near the city of Adelaide, boasts of ancient wine-making traditions that have their roots back in 1842 when the German-born immigrants who lived there were the first to promote and to spread the viticulture. Today, Barossa Valley, which includes the valleys of Barossa and Eden, makes wine production its strong point, with over 150 wineries scattered throughout the territory and offering wines of excellent quality. Characterized by a climate with cold winters, but with temperatures that rarely fall below zero, and hot summers presents climatic and environmental conditions particularly favorable to the cultivation of different types of vines. Among the vast assortment of fine wines produced in this area, we find:
- Red wines, mainly produced with Shiraz grapes, the spearhead of Australian wine production. Shiraz is a malleable grape that adapts to different types of soil, completely absorbing properties and aspects.
- White wines, produced with Chardonnay grapes, generally vinified in American oak barrels, Riesling and Sémillon. The vine Chardonnay is very easy to grow, it adapts to all types of soil and climate and for this reason it is one of the most cultivated in the world. The grapes Riesling, thanks to its acidity, guarantees wines with maturation times that can even last up to 10 years and despite its cultivation is able to make the best in territories with cool or sunny climate, it adapts perfectly to any type of environment. The Sémillon grape is a type of low acidity white grape and a good level of sugar, consequently also the wines deriving from this grape will be wines with a low acidity and a medium-high alcohol level .
Excellent wines are also produced from grapes Cabernet Suavignon. Merlot and Colombard.
Barossa Valley by numbers: