Information about Vespolina

Grape variety Vespolina
Synonyms vespolina nera, croattina, guzzetta, unghetta di canneto, uva rara.
Grape colour Red grape
Vigour Good
Ripening September 25-30.
Productivity Regular, but not abundant. As a quantity, it generally does not compare to the other cultivated vines in the wine-growing zones considered here; In addition, many winemakers (especially in the Outer Rim) move to the "Vespolina" the charge that they no longer mature grapes regularly since the screws have to be grafted on the American foot. In particular, grafting would be the reason why easily in the clusters come to have more or less percentages of acorns that remain immature or green. Without accepting or rejecting this assertion, however, it should be noted that, according to some of the more experienced Novarese winemakers who still cultivate "Vespola", the irregular maturation of this grape with a persistence of green grapes in the clusters occurs at least Much more frequently when the vine is found in soil rich in organic matter. It would therefore be interesting to investigate which part of the soil can be found in the phenomenon, in addition to the system of breeding and pruning. This is worthy of attention because (as already mentioned in Chapter II), the grape is of high quality. Di Rovasenda wrote that this grape "is the best wine in Val di Staffora (Pavia)"; Selletti listed it among "the best qualities of grapes grown in the Piedmont hills, and in particular in those of the Novara province".
Areas of cultivation It is widespread in some Piedmont and Lombardy areas.
History Already known and cultivated in the eighteenth century, especially in the province of Novara. Known also with the Latin name "vitis vinifera circumpadana", which includes all the types defined in the vertex, novarese, alessandrine and Oltrepò Pavese valleys.
Ampelographic features Leaf: small; pentagonal; five lobes. U Wide Petiola Breast (sometimes also in lira; in Novara clones); Upper lateral breasts with superimposed edges or very narrow closed edges; Lower lateral breasts even on superimposed edges and tightly closed, deep enough. Flat limb (or even cup: in the pavone clone) with a slightly bulky surface; Flat planes (or even twisted: in the Novarese clone); Corner of the top of the acute terminal lobes. Top of green color; The lower page of light green also on the main ribs, cotone also on said ribs, of which the 1st, 2nd, 3rd degrees are protruding. Irregular side edges, with straight or concave margins on one side and convex on the other, generally cropped to the apex, wide-base. Bunch: medium size; Average compact; Elongated, cylindrical or conical, very often with only a very developed wing. Long, herbaceous peduncle (half-crown only on insertion on the branch), thin, about one-third of the length of the bunch, which can average 15 cm. Acino: medium thickness; Ellipsoid, regular; With navel prominent, non-persistent; Circular cross section, regular; Almost dark blue turquoise skin, regularly distributed, pruinose but not very, rather thin and not very large; Colorless or slightly pinkish juice; Soft, juicy pulp; Simple flavor; Medium-length, olive-green pedicel; Little noticeable, red-rusty or green; Medium-length, red-colored brush; Separation of the pedicle from the bowl is quite easy.
Characteristics of the wine obtained from this grape variety The wine obtained from the vespoly grape is ruby ​​red, intense. On the palate it is floral, spicy, kind.
Notes Resistance to adversity: it is very sensitive to deworming; Offers normal resistance to ozone, more noticeable to frostbite. It is rather subject to rotten grapes.

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