Not always known to the general public, the wines of South Africaare rapidly establishing themselves on the international market. viticulture in South Africa is not really a recent phenomenon, since since the seventeenth century the Dutch and the French planted and successfully cultivated some of the finest European vines: Cabernet, Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay andSyrah are good examples. This enormous potential, however, was suffocated by the severe and long embargo decided by the UN against "apartheid" that mortified the nation. And that is why only since the end of the 1990s, with the end of apartheid, South African wines began to spread beyond the patriotic boundaries. The calcareous terroir, stony is rich in granites, sandy and clayey along the coasts, is ideal for cultivation of the vine, as well as the humid and temperate climate. The long, warm summers and the precious proximity of the sea make the "Cape Wineland" district a true paradise for winemakers. The city of Stellenbosch has become its emblem and together with Paarl and Constantia it constitutes one of the most exclusive "Wine Road" of the nation: intriguing paths between modern and extended cellars kept swept by the fresh winds coming from Ocean. Particularly significant is the production of Chenin Blanc and the aromatic and full-bodied Pinotage: a mix of Cinsault and Pinot Nero. Experienced in Stellenbosch at the beginning of the 20th century, it is one of the major innovations that South African viticulture offers to international markets. From the whites, fresh and fruity, to the red full-bodied and intense to the aromatic dessert wines, these wines express high quality and dynamism which bodes well for the future of this market.