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Liguria

(Italy)

In Liguria, wine production is very low, around 83,000 hl in 2009, with a predominance of white ones, but its tradition is firmly anchored in time. The rational cultivation of the vine is perhaps due to the Greeks, but viticulture was already known by the ancient people of the Ligurians, even before the sixth century BC.
Most of the vineyards are obtained on terraces carved into the side of the mountain, supported by stone walls towards the sea.
The most cultivated grape is Vermentino, followed by albarola and pigato, from which the white flag-bearer wines of Liguria are obtained. The first, which presents genetic analogies with the Hungarian furmint, has probable Spanish origins, arrived in Sardinia at the time of the Aragonese domination and then in Liguria between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries.
In the Ligurian Riviera of Ponente are mainly cultivated vermentino and pigato, in addition to Dolcetto from the Ormeasco di Pornassio DOC, and to Rossese, from which we obtain the Rossese di Dolceacqua DOC, the most structured wine with similarities with Piedmont reds. In the Riviera di Levante, you start to feel the influence of Tuscany, but on all wines emerges the rare and precious Cinque Terre Sciacchetrà DOC, white dessert wine obtained from vermentino, albarola and forest bunches, made to wilt and then let stand for years in small wooden caratelli.

Liguria by numbers:

5,420
Kmq di superficie
0
DOCG
8
DOC
3
IGT

Liguria pictures

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Liguria

Information about Liguria

Region
Liguria
Country
Italy
Territorial morphology
Plain: 35%   Hill: 65%   Mountain: 0%
Soil and climate
The climate is mild thanks to the sea breezes that cool in summer and mitigate in winter and to the mountain ranges that protect the coast from the cold northern winds. This climate is ideal for evergreen vegetation, such as maritime pine, olive, palm trees, cypress trees and laurel.
History
Already 2000 years ago the region comprising the present Piedmont and Lombardy was inhabited by the Ligurians. Also Turin (from the Latin 'Augusta Taurinorum') belonged to Liguria, under the control of the Romans. In Liguria, the rational cultivation of the vine is due to the Focesi, which already in the sixth century. B.C. founded several cities on the shores of the Mediterranean, including Marseilles. A few centuries later, the Roman conquest undoubtedly led to a qualitative improvement of production: in Liguria, the Romans produced the Lunense and Corneliae, coming from Corniglia, one of the "cinque terre", and Pliny the Elder recognized the Ligurian license expert winemakers. After the dark ages of the barbarian invasions, to find a better outline of the Ligurian viticulture we need to come to the Middle Ages: the vine is now almost everywhere and the wines of the Cinque Terre, the Riviera di Ponente and the spezzino begin to excel.
Typical products
To the south of Piedmont, beyond the Apennines, we reach the Ligurian coast, where the space between the mountains and the sea is just enough for the cultivation of the vine. The Ligurian production is modest but very characteristic and worthy of consideration. Among the grapes, only Vermentino (here also called pigato) and Malvasia under widespread also elsewhere. The white albarola, wood and buzzetto grapes are typical of the area. The Cinque Terre is a great white wine with fish. The liqueur version is by Scicchetrà. However, the most famous wine of Liguria is Rossesse, both from Dolceacqua, near the French border, and from Albenga, closer to Genoa. Unlike anything produced in the west along the coast of the Maritime Alps, the Rossese can be really fresh, with a hint of ripe fruit or berries reminiscent of Bordeaux, fragrant and refreshing. And, unlike the most famous wines of the Northwest, it does not require aging.
Typical dishes
The basis of the Ligurian gastronomy is the focal mirror of its agricultural production, which sees in the foreground the extra virgin olive oil, in particular the Ligurian Riviera PDO and its sub-areas, vegetables, especially tomatoes and courgettes, the beans of Badalucco and the Aveto potatoes. A typical condiment is pesto, which seems almost superfluous to speak as an object of many variations but substantially based on basil, pine nuts and garlic crushed in the mortar, with the addition of parmesan and extra virgin olive oil, are also seasoned trofie , made with water and flour and Genoese ravioli, while those of fish require a marine seasoning. Another typical dish is the farinata, prepared with chickpea flour, extra virgin olive oil, salt and pepper, baked in large pans, focaccia with rosemary, focaccia with cheese, prepared with two thin layers of pasta stuffed with soft cheese and tasty, to the sardenaria, with flour, extra virgin olive oil, milk, brewer's yeast, white onions, garlic, tomatoes and anchovies.
White grape variety
DOC
, ,
Colline di Levanto
,
Golfo del Tigullio
,
Pornassio o Ormeasco di Pornassio
, , ,
Val Polcèvera
IGT
Colline del Genovesato
,
Colline Savonesi
,
Liguria di Levante

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95
XW
95
BB
95
GR
95
Producer Bio Vio
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 100% Pigato
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 18.35
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95
XW
94
Producer Poggio dei Gorleri
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 100% Pigato
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 12.81
Price With VAT
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90
Producer Arrigoni
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 100% Pigato
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 11.71
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92
XW
92
Producer Arrigoni
Wine type White sweet from withered grapes sweet
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 80% Bosco, 20% Vermentino
Alcohol: 14.50% by volume
Format: 0,375 l
Special Features:
€ 55.95
Price With VAT
Last 4 bottles
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89
Producer Arrigoni
Wine type Red still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 10% Merlot, 80% Sangiovese
Alcohol: 12.50% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 9.76
Price With VAT
Last 2 bottles
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88
XW
90
Producer Arrigoni
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 60% Bosco, 40% Vermentino
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 18.30
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88
Producer Arrigoni
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 5% Pigato, 95% Vermentino
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 15.62
Price With VAT
Last 2 bottles
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87
Producer Arrigoni
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 5% Rossese, 95% Vermentino
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
%
-25.0
€ 18.92 Save € 4.73
€ 14.19
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95
XW
95
GR
95
Producer Ka Mancine
Wine type Red still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 100% Rossese
Alcohol: 12.50% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 15.49
Price With VAT
Temporarily unavailable
89
Producer Lunae Bosoni
Wine type White still
Region: Liguria
Grapes: 100% Albarola
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Format: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
€ 13.40
Price With VAT
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