In Campania the vine has very ancient origins, antecedent to the Romand and perhaps also the Greek period.
A tangible testimony of this link with the past is the form of farming of Etruscan origin, the evocative tree-lined. Still used for the cultivation of the asprinio of Aversa, in the north of the region, it allows a very expanded development in height with great productivity. The vine, unique in the world with the exception of some areas of northern Portugal, climbs trees up to incredible heights, turning the harvest into an acrobatic test, with scales over 20 meters.
In the southern part of the region the Greek low sapling system is more used, with vigorous pruning and rather low productivity. In addition to the asprinium, other more cultivated vines also have ancient origins, such as aglianico, deriving from the Greek vine introduced by the Greeks, from which one obtains the most structured and longevity wines of the entire national production, the Taurasi, the only red DOCG of the region.
Also two white grape vines have ancient origins, the greek coming from Thessaly and the Fiano, probably with even more remote roots, linked to the Phoenicians. Today, both Fiano di Avellino and Greco di Tufo are DOCG.
Other white grape varieties are the biancolella, forastera, foxtail and falanghina, while among those with red berries they are sciascinoso, casavecchia and piedirosso or for 'and palummo or colombo's foot, whose curious name derives from the shape of the racimolo , which resembles the foot of the dove.
Also in this region there is no lack of vines coming from other Italian or foreign regions, such as Sangiovese, Aglianico, Cabernet Sauvignon and Barbera.
Total production in 2009 was about 1,830,000 hl of wine, with a clear predominance of red wines.