The Mazzei family's history is closely linked not only to that of wine production in Tuscany, but also the entire political and cultural life of the first documents regarding regione.I Mazzei - originating in the wine area of Carmarthen - to the early eleventh century. At this time was the emblem of the oldest of the family, which contains three wooden hammers, tools typical of the art of the Masters Bottai and customs. Instead, in the fourteenth century that the three clubs are in the arms of iron therein to this day. Since their origins, Mazzei, work as a wine merchant and participate actively in the life and professional in Florence, coming to occupy important government positions.
Ser Lapo Mazzei (1350-1412), winemaker at Carmarthen and passionate art of wine, notary of the Signoria of Florence, Ambassador and proconsul Art of Judges and Notaries. His brother Leonardo cultivated vineyards Carmarthen, the property of Grignano, where producing wine on the advice of more experienced Ser Lapo.
Ser Lapo Mazzei is the author of a voluminous and interesting correspondence, made with the great merchant Francesco Datini. Document full of legal and economic advice, but also agronomic and winemaking. The wine-making, buying and storing wine are in the writings of Ser Lapo, a recurring point of attention: "Do not worry about the cost of that wine, though he was dear goodness restores" the Datini wrote in 1394, with a invitation to win his thrift and to appreciate the quality. Ser Lapo Mazzei is also considered the "father" of the name Chianti to him we owe the first known document using the name, appeared in a commercial contract bearing his signature, dated December 16, 1398.
"And of 'give, 16th of december (1398), three florins money 8 to 26 denier Peter Tino Riccio, for six barrels of wine of Chianti .... Pagham called them by letter of Ser Lapo Mazzei."
First known document using the name "Chianti"-is the granddaughter of Ser Lapo Mazzei, Emerald Lady, who married Piero di Agnolo from Fonterutoli, which are the property of the Mazzei Fonterutoli, broadcast from 1435 until today, through 24 generazioni.Altra important historical figure of the family is Philip Mazzei (1730-1816). An eccentric and restless world traveler, an intellectual and scholar, was invited by 'friend Thomas Jefferson, future President of the United States, to plant a vineyard at his home in Monticello, Virginia. He arrived with a group of Tuscan winemakers and created the first vineyards in that area of the New World.
"I thank you for your obliging act of the cultures of the wine, and I am happy to hear your plantation Of Them That I know is in a prosperous way"
(George Washington on 1 July 1779)
Left in America, Philip became involved in the political life of the United States, and his ideas about the equality of men shock Jefferson, who made it one of the key points of the Declaration of Independence: "All men are created equal". Filippo Mazzei is for this reason considered an "American Patriot".