One of the winery’s goals for the last 15 years has been to locate a suitable microclimate for each grape varietal. Laimburg manages about 50 hectares of vineyards today in all viticultural areas of South Tyrol, some on level soil, others on hills and steep inclines, all with drastically different soils: moraine gravel and alluvial soils mix with bedrock and loamy limestone. The vines are planted at altitudes ranging from 200-750 metres above sea level and are trained using either the pergola or spalier (guyot) suspension system, depending on varietal and the incline of the vineyard itself. Since substantial care for the vines is necessary for the development of healthy, high-quality grapes, every effort is made to provide ecologically balanced surroundings for the vines.
With the local trend toward grape sales to various private and cooperative wineries in the 20th Century, understanding of suitability of grape varietals to historic vineyards among South Tyrolean growers was largely lost. Increasingly, grape growers produced whichever varietals the market demanded. Today, Laimburg Research Centre is working to identify the ideal microclimate for each varietal. This process involves experiments like cultivating specific varietals at varying altitudes and vinifying the grapes from each sample site separately. Some 20 different varietals are currently under examination for their potential in South Tyrol, ranging from exotic international vines (such as Tannat, Petit Verdot, Syrah and Incrocio Manzoni) to those with a longer history of cultivation in the area.