South Australia is a federal state located in the central-southern part of the Australian continent, characterized by a flat land and arid and / or semi-arid climate inland, where there are several deserts, and a 'mountainous and wooded area in the southeastern part, where the climate is humid in winter and hot / dry in summer. Here viticulture is very widespread because, in addition to the favorable climate, the land lends itself to cultivation and it is no coincidence that over 30% of the entire national wine production is concentrated. The most suitable areas are Clare Valley, known for its elegant wines, Barossa Valley, McClaren Vale, Coonawarra, Riverland.
Among the most renowned grapes of the South Australia is la Shiraz or Syrah. It is a late-ripening grape, with dark-colored elongated berries, which gives life to long, dense, particular wines, with the characteristic aroma of black pepper, ripe fruit and chocolate. In Australia it was probably introduced in 1837 by James Busby, who imported it from France, only to be revisited in a totally new key. The Australian Shiraz grape is in fact very different from the French Syrah because often vinified alone together with Cabernet Sauvignon, of which Salomon Estate Norwood is an excellent example. Other grapes grown in South Australia are Semillon, Grenanche, Mataro, Doradillo, Riesling Renano, Chardonnay.
The methods of vinification used are very advanced and most of the vineyards are mechanized. The companies of the Barossa Valley in the South Australia vinify mainly using wooden barrels, especially in the case of Chardonnay, and it is not by chance that in this area they are produced in quantity.