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Bordeaux

(France)

When one thinks of France as one of the major wine producing countries, the region that immediately comes to mind is Bordeaux. Favored by the particular environmental and climatic conditions, it produces wines among the most expensive and renowned in the world. The rossi make up 80% of the production and are elegant wines and intense flavors. We also produce dried and muffled whites (Sauternes and Barsac, in particular, are the areas par excellence of Vin liquoreux) and less expensive reds, but equally of good quality. Cabernet suavignon, Cabernet franc and Merlot are the main grapes from which the Bordeaux reds are produced. The combination is known as the Bordeaux blend; to these, today less used grapes of the past are joined, namely the Malbec and the Petit Verdot.
 The Bordeaux region is located on the French west coast, on the Atlantic Ocean: this position gives unique characteristics to the climate. The Gironde estuary and the Dordogne and Garonne rivers contribute to characterizing the environment. Moreover, it was thanks to them that the commercial success of Bordeaux wines was so disruptive even abroad, right from the start.
 The climate, therefore, thanks to the Ocean, the rivers, but also to the forests that isolate the region, is temperate and stable. The predominantly gravelly soils guarantee an excellent drainage of the water and this greatly affects the quality of the wine.
 The classification of wines is vast and a little confusing. the assumption is that the quality of the wine is inevitably linked to the seriousness of the producer, as well as to the zones. There are, in essence, 4 types of classifications, related to the zones: that of the 1855 for the Médoc, which is based on the quality of the producers and classifies them in scale from 1 to 5, is the oldest. In the 1953 wines of the Grave were classified, with a unique name: Cru Classé, attributed only to superior wines. In 1954 it was the turn of St-Emillion, whose classification, which is reviewed every 10 years, adds to the previous additional categories. However, famous areas, such as that of Pomerol, do not include classifications, but still produce wines of excellent quality.
 It is interesting to note how different wines are produced within the same region.
 The less well-known white muffates, produced with Sémillon grapes, with small parts of Suavignon Blanc and sometimes Muscadelle deserve to be tasted. Wines very longevi, during the maturation acquire a great wealth of aromas and flavors.

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Bordeaux

Information about Bordeaux

Region
Bordeaux
Country
France
Climate and soil
Thanks to the proximity of the Atlantic, Bordeaux has a maritime climate with mild winters and quite cool summers. The pine forest along the sea to the north-east protects the area from the winds. July is the month with more hours of sunshine, but August is the hottest month. Precipitation can, from time to time, be abundant.
History
Probably the Romans were the first to plant the vineyard in Bordeaux, and the first to describe the area was the poet Ausonius (310-393 AD). He is also the first Bordeaux winemaker we know, with his quarter of a hectare of vineyards near the Garonne river. It has also given its name to the prestigious Château Ausine vineyard in the St. Emilion. In the centuries following the Roman era we have little evidence of Bordeaux and its viticulture, and it is only in the twelfth century that viticulture takes off. In 1200 there were vineyards in the Bourg, in Blaye, in the lower Dordogne and in the valleys of the Garonne river. The Graves was already then an important wine-growing area, where Pape Clémant is the oldest vineyard in the area. At that time, the Médoc was still a swamp, and only around the middle of the seventeenth century it was drained by the Dutch, who in that way created the conditions for the noble wines of Médoc 1er cru.
Typical products
The red vines are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec (Cot) and Petit Verdot. The differences between the various castles and districts depend to a large extent on the proportions between these vines. The vine that is most associated with Bordeaux is Cabernet Sauvignon, a vine with small grape and a very strong character of blackcurrant and cedar wood. Merlot is the most cultivated grape variety in Bordeaux, which has increased significantly in recent years. The merlot matures before and should not be aged as long as the Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc has much in common with its relative cabernet sauvignon. Cabernet Franc has larger grains than Cabernet Sauvignon and the wines are often less dense. Malbec is sometimes used in Bordeaux to give color and tannins to wines. Petit Verdot has a good acidity and noble tannins, thus contributing to its quality and longevity.
Typical dishes
From the famous entrecôte to the prawns, through the porcini mushrooms and snails, local products are prepared à la bordelaise, named after the sauce made with red wine and shallot. The Bordeaux lamprey is representative of these specialties: fished in the Gironde estuary, this migratory fish is cooked with Médoc wine, leeks and a bouquet garni of aromas. From mid-February to the end of March, you can try this course at chez Fernand, a bistro with a terrace overlooking the Bordeaux riverside, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The whole South West is an ode to nature: asparagus, porcini, prunes, apples, walnuts and chestnuts add flavor to geese and ducks, whose breeding is a real cult. Poie gras poêlée, duck fillet, goose rillettes ... they are never lacking in restaurant menus. From Samatan, in the Gers, to Thiviers in the Dordogne, passing from Monségur in the Gironde or Saint-Sever in the Landes, visit the picturesque marchés au gras that take place throughout the winter: you will find capons, ducks, geese, and the famous foie gras Duck of the South West, now a symbol of French gastronomy that enjoys the PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) mark. Learn how to cook it with the chefs of Quai des Saveurs, in Bordeaux.
Red grape varieties
White grape varieties
AOC
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Bordeaux
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Cadillac
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Canon-Fronsac
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Cotes de Bourg
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Cremant de Bordeaux
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Entre deux mers
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Graves
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Graves de Vayres
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Lalande de Pomerol
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Listrac-Médoc
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Loupiac
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Montagne-Saint-Émilion
, , , ,
Pomerol
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Puisseguin Saint-Émilion
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Sainte Croix du Mont
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Producer Chateau La Pierrière
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 20% Cabernet Franc, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, 60% Merlot
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 155.00
Saving HK$ 11.00 (7%)
HK$ 144.00
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96
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Producer Chateau Pape Clement
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 14.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 1,072.00
Saving HK$ 222.00 (21%)
HK$ 850.00
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Producer Chateau de Camensac
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 70% Cabernet Sauvignon, 30% Merlot
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 241.00
Saving HK$ 42.53 (18%)
HK$ 198.47
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Producer Baron Edmond de Rothschild
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, 80% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 290.00
Saving HK$ 46.40 (16%)
HK$ 243.60
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Producer Chateau du Tertre
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 19% Cabernet Franc, 43% Cabernet Sauvignon, 33% Merlot, 5% Petit Verdot
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 531.00
Saving HK$ 141.00 (27%)
HK$ 390.00
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Producer Chateau La Louvière
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 3% Cabernet Franc, 64% Cabernet Sauvignon, 30% Merlot, 3% Petit Verdot
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 537.00
Saving HK$ 137.00 (26%)
HK$ 400.00
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Producer Chateau d'Yquem
Type White dessert wine from grapes with noble rot dessert wine semi-aromatic
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 20% Sauvignon, 80% Semillon
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,375 l
Special Features:
HK$ 1,940.00
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Producer Chateau Les Grands Chenes
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, 60% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 222.00
Saving HK$ 46.62 (21%)
HK$ 175.38
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Producer Chateau Pavie
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 25% Cabernet Franc, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 65% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 2,958.00
Saving HK$ 483.00 (16%)
HK$ 2,475.00
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Producer Chateau Angelus
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 50% Cabernet Franc, 50% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 3,772.00
Saving HK$ 972.00 (26%)
HK$ 2,800.00
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Producer Chateau Troplong Mondot
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 15.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 1,257.00
Saving HK$ 357.00 (28%)
HK$ 900.00
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Producer Chateau d'Arche
Type White dessert wine dessert wine
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Sauvignon, Semillon
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
HK$ 465.00
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Producer Chateau Leoville Las Cases
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 2,258.00
Saving HK$ 508.00 (23%)
HK$ 1,750.00
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Producer Reignac
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 25% Cabernet Sauvignon, 75% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
HK$ 387.00
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90
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Producer Chateau Croix-Mouton
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Merlot
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 188.00
Saving HK$ 28.00 (15%)
HK$ 160.00
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Producer Chateau d'Arche
Type White dessert wine dessert wine
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Sauvignon, Semillon
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
HK$ 445.00
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Producer Chateau Climens
Type White dessert wine from grapes with noble rot dessert wine
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 100% Semillon
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 815.00
Saving HK$ 220.00 (27%)
HK$ 595.00
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Producer Chateau Montrose
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 13.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 1,108.00
Saving HK$ 258.00 (23%)
HK$ 850.00
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Producer Chateau Angelus
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 50% Cabernet Sauvignon, 50% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
HK$ 1,285.00
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Producer Chateau d'Arche
Type White dessert wine dessert wine
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Sauvignon, Semillon
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Size: 0,375 l
Special Features:
HK$ 241.00
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95
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Producer Chateau d'Arche
Type White dessert wine dessert wine
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Sauvignon, Semillon
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
HK$ 447.00
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Producer Chateau Montrose
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
HK$ 1,716.00
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Producer Chateau Pichon-Longueville
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 13.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 1,530.00
Saving HK$ 330.00 (22%)
HK$ 1,200.00
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Producer Chateau Sénéjac
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: 59% Cabernet Sauvignon, 41% Merlot
Alcohol: 14.00% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 248.00
Saving HK$ 48.00 (19%)
HK$ 200.00
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Producer Chateau Troplong Mondot
Type Red still
Region: Bordeaux
Grape varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
Alcohol: 15.50% by volume
Size: 0,75 l Standard
Special Features:
Price HK$ 1,514.00
Saving HK$ 314.00 (21%)
HK$ 1,200.00
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