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Information about Spergola

Grape variety Spergola
Synonyms In diversi documenti sono riportate le denominazioni Spergolina e Pellegrina ad indicare la varietà Spergola, mentre è errata la identificazione del termine Spergola come sinonimo locale di Sauvignon. Vengono citate dal Di Rovasenda una Spargoletta bianca, coltivata a Sassuolo di Modena, e una Pellegrina o Pissotta fra le uve bianche di Mirandola. Occorre poi specificare che con il nome "Spergolina verde", nella zona di Scandiano veniva identificata la varietà Semillon, ora presente in misura pressoché irrilevante.
Grape color White grape
Initial spread Autochthon
Vigor Very good
Ripening period September 15-25.
Productivity Regular, medium-high (17-20 t/ha).
Growing areas Spergola is one of the native white grape varieties of the Emilia-Romagna region, officially registered since 2002. Its cultivated area at national level amounts to 110 ha.
History Spergola has been present in Emilia-Romagna since the 15th century, although in more recent years it has been progressively abandoned or in some cases confused with Sauvignon.
Features ampelographic Leaf: of medium size, tendentially wedge-shaped and at times pentagonal, usually trilobed or, at times, whole; the flap tends to be flat; open peziolar sinus, with U-shaped base, at times with a tooth; shallow upper lateral sinuses, at times just mentioned, with base mostly U-shaped, closed, but at times also V-shaped and open; the lower ones are absent; upper page of medium green colour, with green veins; on the veins there are some short hairs; lower page with bristly main veins due to the presence of short or medium-low hairs mixed with some long hairs; between the veins the tomentum becomes downy due to the average presence of lying hairs; the straight hairs are very sparse; irregular teeth, with convex margins, with wide base. Industrial maturity bunch: medium size (average weight 230-250 g), cylindrical or pyramidal, somewhat stocky, medium-short (160-170 mm), often winged (2 wings), medium compact to compact; visible stalk, short (about 4 cm), medium lignified. Berry: spheroidal, at times slightly flattened, with persistent navel, short, medium-small (15,2 x 14,9 mm), of average weight of about 2 grams; quite easy detachment of the berry from the pedicel; pruinose skin, yellowish-green colour.
Features wine From Spergola we obtain a wine with a pale straw yellow colour, a delicate floral aroma with hints of apple and a fragrant taste and good acidity.
Notes Resistance to disease and adversity: shows average sensitivity to powdery mildew and downy mildew; less sensitive to botrytis than Sauvignon. Demands: offers the best performance in terms of quality when grown in white hillside soils, well exposed, not damp, lean.
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