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Information about Girò

Grape variety Girò
Synonyms girò sardo, girgone di Spagna, Girogne comune, Gnieddu Allu, axina barxa, vargiu (per il colore vario).
Grape colour Red grape
Variety Autochthonous
Vigour Good
Ripening Second half of September.
Productivity Media and also abundant, but inconvenient.
Areas of cultivation It is widespread in Sardinia, especially in the provinces of Cagliari, Sassari and Nuoro, but is slowly disappearing.
History Girò is a red grape that was introduced Cagliari Campidano during the Spanish occupation of the Sardinian island around 1500 although initially its spread was very limited, then exploded two centuries later. It is therefore likely to originate in Spain, although today it is widespread only in this part of Europe, becoming virtually indigenous. It is mentioned, however, by many authors who have often indicated it with different names, such as the Missing of the Ark described by Zirone in Spain, or the synonyms in Sardinian dialect Nieddu alzu and Aghina bàrja for the Mameli and finally the Girone of Spain for the author Lolli. For the Flora Sardoa of Morris, the vine is called Vitis suavis. The most widespread period is the Sardinian south of the first half of the eighteenth century, under Savoyard rule, as evidenced by the laws issued at the time for the regulation of wineries by the Marquis of Rivarolo of 1736. Like many European grapes, The Girò was drastically reduced and endangered by the philosophical epidemic of the mid-nineteenth century, but by the late 70s the Sardinian winegrowers preferred to replant it, deciding on a strong development that has brought to the attention of the enthusiasts the vine.
Ampelographic features Leaf: medium size, a bit reniform, quinquelobata and rarely trilobata; U open pectoral breast; Lateral breasts superior to claws, semi-closed or closed edges, moderately deep; V-bottom, open, medium, or shallow side breasts. Top of green color loading; Bottom page glabra; Wavy flap, with smooth or slightly bulky top; Sloping lobes with slightly sloping edges, corners at the top of the straight or nearly lobes. Main nerves on the bottom page of green, sometimes slightly blurred pink, glabrous. Regular dentition, in 1 or 2 series, with medium-sized teeth, straight margins, medium-length, mucronate. Bunch: medium or large, semi-spatula, cylindrical-conical, often winged and pyramidal; Rays of green color, often slightly blurred with pink; Peduncle short, large, semi-woody; Medium length, slim, green; Small, small or greenish; Medium or almost small, slim, light yellow or lightly pinkish brush; Separation of the acine from the pedicle is not difficult. Acino: medium size, sub-round or round; Regular cross section; Black-violet color skin more or less heavy, consistent; Just navel navel; Melted pulp and simple flavor and sugary.
Characteristics of the wine obtained from this grape variety Ruby red wine. The palate is generally soft, sometimes velvety in the best, often dry, with a medium alcoholic degree and a nice structure supported by the mentioned tannins. It rarely is dry vinified, giving the best of it in sweet and liqueur versions.
Notes Great companion for unleavened pasta desserts, especially Sardinian with almonds as a basic ingredient. But it also fits well with creamy pastries or fruit tarts, but also with fruit, both fresh and dry.

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