In recent years, the State of Washington has won second place for the production of fine wine in the United States, just after California. The winemaking tradition of the State has its roots back in 1860, when the first to dedicate themselves to viticulture were Italian and German immigrants. The State, divided in two by the Cascade Range mountain range, presents a rich vegetation in the coastal part, consisting mainly of coniferous forests, while in the western part arid, sometimes desert, vegetation. The wine production of the state is concentrated in the north-western part, favored by the temperate and humid climate and long hours of sunshine, in which the major wine producing regions are scattered, including:
- Yakima Valley is definitely the oldest region and also the largest producer of wine. The typical vines of the area are Chardonnay, in first place, Syrah and finally Riesling thanks to which they produce a great variety of wines. Chardonnay and Syrah are vines that adapt easily to any form of climate and have a good resistance to climate adversity while Riesling stands out for its extraordinary resistance to aging which, among other things, exalts its full potential.
- Red Mountain is a small area, within the Columbia Valley, with 1,635 hectares of land of which over 500 are planted with vines. The main vines are red and a predominant role is attributed to the Cabernet Sauvignon, followed by the Cabernet Franc and the Merlot. The Cabernet Sauvignon has a late ripening that could hardly get to the end of the process, which is why it is often used in the Bordeaux style.
- Walla Walla Valley. Despite its production is only 5% compared to that of the entire state, it boasts the presence of over 120 wineries and here are produced the finest wines. On an extension of 2,800 hectares of land, vines of Chardonnay and Syrah, appreciated all over the world.