Tuscany

(Italy)

Tuscany Numbers:

22,990
Km sq surface area
11
DOCG
40
DOC
7
IGT

The viticulture tradition of Tuscany dates back to the time of the Etruscans, with over 2,000 years of prestigious history that still keeps this region at the top of the oenology world today.
The rolling hills of Tuscany are the splendid environment in which the vine is perfectly at ease, providing the grapes for the production of great wines, as well as a highly respectable production in terms of quantity.


It is also the kingdom of Sangiovese, a grape variety native to this region, which occupies more than half of the area under vine. However, it is not an 'easy' vine. In addition to having a medium-late ripening period, it only expresses itself at its best if the location guarantees perfect exposure and sunshine, and an ideal microclimate and altitude.

Other local grape varieties that are now also widespread in other regions include Trebbiano Toscano, Malvasia Bianca Lunga or Tuscan Malvasia, Vernaccia di San Gimignano, Ansonica and Canaiolo Nero.
Turning our focus to wines, among the most renowned is Chianti DOCG, from which the independent Chianti Classico DOCG was detached a few years ago. Created by Baron Bettino Ricasoli, it was among the first wines to cross borders following our emigrants to America; exported in the typical flasks, it became so famous it created the very image of this wine in the world. Even today, it is by far the most produced wine in Italy.
Another world-famous wine is Brunello di Montalcino DOCG, made from sangiovese, locally called Brunello.

Tuscan locations that are inextricably linked to the world of wine are Montepulciano, San Gimignano and Carmignano, with their respective DOCGs, Bolgheri and others, where other very prestigious wines are produced.
Along the Tyrrhenian coast and on the island of Elba itself, vermentino, ansonica and aleatico are cultivated, the latter is also made into fine passito versions.

Further down the coast, towards the province of Grosseto, we find other wines such as the DOCG Morellino di Scansano, from the Morellino vine, another name for Sangiovese, with a lively ruby colour and scents of violets and blackberries.
In addition to the wines of the very important Denominations of Origin, Tuscany has risen to the forefront of world oenology with a number of Supertuscans, wines of great class, soft and elegant, obtained mainly from cabernet sauvignon and cabernet franc, merlot and partly syrah and pinot noir. The Supertuscan wines are internationally renowned because they are made with non-indigenous grapes like Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Syrah and Pinot Noir.

Finally, wine production from this region has a common denominator, Vin Santo and Vin Santo Occhio di pernice, produced in numerous denominations and types that differ in terms of residual sugar; the former is mainly made from Tuscan Trebbiano, the latter from Sangiovese.

Information about Tuscany

Region Tuscany
Country Italy
Morphology of the land Plain: 67%   Hill: 25%   Mountain: 8%
Climate and soil The climate is generally mild, especially in the coastal strip, which is often beaten by the 'Scirocco', a hot humid wind from Africa, causing frequent rainfall. The Apennine chains protect the region from the cold winds that blow from the North East.
History The area between the Arno and the Tiber was the territory of the Etruscans or Tuschi in the pre-Roman era. The name of the Region in those times was Etruria or Tuscia. Subsequently, from Tuscia the name of Tuscany was formed. With the decline of the Empire, there was an apparent abandonment of the Tuscan vineyards, but the recovery, facilitated by the monastic orders, had already begun in the early Middle Ages, as evidenced by documents from the Badia a Coltibuono, very active around the 9th century, in which the culture of life is spoken about in detail. A clear recovery of viticulture had therefore begun around the year 1100 AD, when the vineyards began to grow denser, even in the centre of Florence, where the church of S. Maria delle Vigne already stood. That church is now known as Santa Maria Novella.
Typical products In Tuscany there are 6 DOCG: Brunello di Montalcino, Carmignano, Chianti, Chianti Classico, Vernaccia di San Gimignano and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, and in addition, a large number of DOC, IGT and VdT. The region is a wine district with a very ancient history: the interest in wines in straw-wrapped flasks began to spread in the Renaissance period and the powerful merchants of Florence always offered their guests Chianti wines, in the famous fiasco.
Typical dishes Among the most tasty first courses are pappardelle with hare and the pheasant broth served with croutons fried in butter, 'pasticcio alla fiorentina' and the 'Lunigiana-style rice bomb', which comes from Emilia. There are also numerous second courses, on which the Florentine steak stands on, rib steak cut high, well cooked on the outside but rosy or bloody inside, sometimes served as a cut. Veal stew is tasty with oil, garlic and rosemary, as well as the 'stagnotto alla fiorentina,' a piece of slowly cooked beef with aromatic herbs, tomato and wine, and the 'peposo', a beef stew overcooked in wine, tomato, aromatic herbs and plenty of black pepper. The most representative dessert of Tuscany and widespread nationwide is the panforte, prepared with flour, sugar, almonds and an abundance of candied fruit, a rich and worthy complement to the meal of a day of celebration, surrounded by delicious ricciarelli.
Red grape varieties Aleatico, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Canaiolo Nero, Ciliegiolo, Colorino, Mammolo, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Pinot Nero, Sangiovese, Syrah
White grape varieties Ansonica/Inzolia, Chardonnay, Malvasia bianca, Moscato Bianco, Trebbiano Toscano, Vermentino, Vernaccia di San Gimignano
DOCG
Aleatico Passito dell'Elba
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Suvereto
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DOC
Ansonica Costa dell'Argentario
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Bianco di Pitigliano
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Candia dei Colli Apuani
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Capalbio
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Colli dell'Etruria Centrale
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Grance Senesi
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Montecarlo
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Monteregio di Massa Marittima
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Montescudaio
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Parrina
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San Torpè
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Sovana
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Terratico di Bibbona
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Terre di Casole
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Val d'Arbia
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Val di Cornia
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Valdinievole
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IGT , , , ,
Montecastelli
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Val di Magra

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Red still
Pianirossi
IGT Toscana, 45% Montepulciano, 45% Sangiovese, 10% Alicante
13.50%, 0,75 l
GR 3
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White classic method sparkling wine brut
Felsina
VSQ , 20% Chardonnay, 20% Pinot Nero, 60% Sangiovese
12.50%, 0,75 l
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JS 93
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Felsina
IGT Toscana, 100% Sangiovese
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BB 5
JS 94
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95
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Tolaini
IGT Toscana, 33% Cabernet Sauvignon, 33% Merlot, 34% Sangiovese
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Tenute Silvio Nardi
IGT Toscana, 40% Merlot, 40% Sangiovese, 20% Petit Verdot
14.50%, 0,75 l
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95
Red still
Tenuta di Nozzole (Folonari)
DOCG Chianti Classico, 100% Sangiovese
14.00%, 0,75 l
GR 3
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Red still
14.50%, 0,75 l
RP 95
BB 5
JS 94
VO 93
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92
Red still
Carpineto
IGT Toscana, 100% Cabernet Sauvignon
13.50%, 0,75 l
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91
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92
Red still
Tenuta Perano (Marchesi Frescobaldi)
DOCG Chianti Classico, 100% Sangiovese
13.50%, 0,75 l
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94
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95
Red still
Avignonesi
IGT Toscana, 50% Merlot, 50% Sangiovese
13.50%, 0,75 l
BB 5
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95
Red still
Castello di Radda
DOCG Chianti Classico Gran Selezione, 100% Sangiovese
15.00%, 0,75 l
BB 5
GR 3
VT 4
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Lornano
DOCG Chianti Classico Gran Selezione, 100% Sangiovese
14.50%, 0,75 l
VT 4
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95
Red still
Tenute del Cerro
DOCG Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, 3% Canaiolo Nero, 5% Colorino, 90% Sangiovese Grosso, 2% Mammolo
13.50%, 0,75 l
GR 3
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91
Red organic still
Cupano
DOC Rosso di Montalcino, 100% Sangiovese
14.50%, 0,75 l
VO 92
CHF 42.65 inc VAT
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