Bordeaux

(France)

When one thinks of France as one of the major wine producing countries, the region that immediately comes to mind is Bordeaux. Favored by the particular environmental and climatic conditions, it produces wines among the most expensive and renowned in the world. The rossi make up 80% of the production and are elegant wines and intense flavors. We also produce dried and muffled whites (Sauternes and Barsac, in particular, are the areas par excellence of Vin liquoreux) and less expensive reds, but equally of good quality. Cabernet suavignon, Cabernet franc and Merlot are the main grapes from which the Bordeaux reds are produced. The combination is known as the Bordeaux blend; to these, today less used grapes of the past are joined, namely the Malbec and the Petit Verdot.
 The Bordeaux region is located on the French west coast, on the Atlantic Ocean: this position gives unique characteristics to the climate. The Gironde estuary and the Dordogne and Garonne rivers contribute to characterizing the environment. Moreover, it was thanks to them that the commercial success of Bordeaux wines was so disruptive even abroad, right from the start.
 The climate, therefore, thanks to the Ocean, the rivers, but also to the forests that isolate the region, is temperate and stable. The predominantly gravelly soils guarantee an excellent drainage of the water and this greatly affects the quality of the wine.
 The classification of wines is vast and a little confusing. the assumption is that the quality of the wine is inevitably linked to the seriousness of the producer, as well as to the zones. There are, in essence, 4 types of classifications, related to the zones: that of the 1855 for the Médoc, which is based on the quality of the producers and classifies them in scale from 1 to 5, is the oldest. In the 1953 wines of the Grave were classified, with a unique name: Cru Classé, attributed only to superior wines. In 1954 it was the turn of St-Emillion, whose classification, which is reviewed every 10 years, adds to the previous additional categories. However, famous areas, such as that of Pomerol, do not include classifications, but still produce wines of excellent quality.
 It is interesting to note how different wines are produced within the same region.
 The less well-known white muffates, produced with Sémillon grapes, with small parts of Suavignon Blanc and sometimes Muscadelle deserve to be tasted. Wines very longevi, during the maturation acquire a great wealth of aromas and flavors.

Information about Bordeaux

Region Bordeaux
Country France
Climate and soil Thanks to the proximity of the Atlantic, Bordeaux has a maritime climate with mild winters and quite cool summers. The pine forest along the sea to the north-east protects the area from the winds. July is the month with more hours of sunshine, but August is the hottest month. Precipitation can, from time to time, be abundant.
History Probably the Romans were the first to plant the vineyard in Bordeaux, and the first to describe the area was the poet Ausonius (310-393 AD). He is also the first Bordeaux winemaker we know, with his quarter of a hectare of vineyards near the Garonne river. It has also given its name to the prestigious Château Ausine vineyard in the St. Emilion. In the centuries following the Roman era we have little evidence of Bordeaux and its viticulture, and it is only in the twelfth century that viticulture takes off. In 1200 there were vineyards in the Bourg, in Blaye, in the lower Dordogne and in the valleys of the Garonne river. The Graves was already then an important wine-growing area, where Pape Clémant is the oldest vineyard in the area. At that time, the Médoc was still a swamp, and only around the middle of the seventeenth century it was drained by the Dutch, who in that way created the conditions for the noble wines of Médoc 1er cru.
Typical products The red vines are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec (Cot) and Petit Verdot. The differences between the various castles and districts depend to a large extent on the proportions between these vines. The vine that is most associated with Bordeaux is Cabernet Sauvignon, a vine with small grape and a very strong character of blackcurrant and cedar wood. Merlot is the most cultivated grape variety in Bordeaux, which has increased significantly in recent years. The merlot matures before and should not be aged as long as the Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc has much in common with its relative cabernet sauvignon. Cabernet Franc has larger grains than Cabernet Sauvignon and the wines are often less dense. Malbec is sometimes used in Bordeaux to give color and tannins to wines. Petit Verdot has a good acidity and noble tannins, thus contributing to its quality and longevity.
Typical dishes From the famous entrecôte to the prawns, through the porcini mushrooms and snails, local products are prepared à la bordelaise, named after the sauce made with red wine and shallot. The Bordeaux lamprey is representative of these specialties: fished in the Gironde estuary, this migratory fish is cooked with Médoc wine, leeks and a bouquet garni of aromas. From mid-February to the end of March, you can try this course at chez Fernand, a bistro with a terrace overlooking the Bordeaux riverside, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The whole South West is an ode to nature: asparagus, porcini, prunes, apples, walnuts and chestnuts add flavor to geese and ducks, whose breeding is a real cult. Poie gras poêlée, duck fillet, goose rillettes ... they are never lacking in restaurant menus. From Samatan, in the Gers, to Thiviers in the Dordogne, passing from Monségur in the Gironde or Saint-Sever in the Landes, visit the picturesque marchés au gras that take place throughout the winter: you will find capons, ducks, geese, and the famous foie gras Duck of the South West, now a symbol of French gastronomy that enjoys the PGI (Protected Geographical Indication) mark. Learn how to cook it with the chefs of Quai des Saveurs, in Bordeaux.
Red grape varieties Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot
White grape varieties Sauvignon
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Cadillac
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93
Red green still
Chateau Laroque
AOC Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 1% Cabernet Franc, 99% Merlot
14.50%, 0,75 l
VO 93
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92
Red still
Chateau de Pressac
AOC Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 18% Cabernet Franc, 9% Cabernet Sauvignon, 69% Merlot, 1% Carmènere, 2% Malbec
14.00%, 0,75 l
RP 91
JS 92
DE 91
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92
Red still
Chateau Clos de Bouard
AOC Montagne-Saint-Émilion, 10% Cabernet Franc, 5% Cabernet Sauvignon, 85% Merlot
15.00%, 0,75 l
RP 90
JS 94
VO 91
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89
Red still
13.00%, 0,75 l
JS 92
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91
Red still
Chateau Siran
AOC Margaux Premiers Crus, 1% Cabernet Franc, 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, 46% Merlot, 13% Petit Verdot
13.50%, 0,75 l
JS 92
DE 92
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93
Red still
13.50%, 0,75 l
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VO 94
DE 92
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88
Rosé classic method sparkling wine brut
Alexis Lichine
AOC Cremant de Bordeaux Rosé, Chardonnay, Gamay, Pinot Nero
12.00%, 0,75 l
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93
White dessert wine dessert wine
Chateau d'Arche
AOC Sauternes Grand Cru Classé, Sauvignon, Semillon
13.50%, 0,375 l
RP 96
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89
White classic method sparkling wine brut
Chateau d'Arche
AOC Cremant de Bordeaux Blanc, Sauvignon, Semillon
12.50%, 0,75 l
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92
Red green still
Reignac
AOC Bordeaux Superieur Rouge, 25% Cabernet Sauvignon, 75% Merlot
13.50%, 0,75 l
JS 92
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91
Price CHF 47.87
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92
Red still
Chateau La Gaffelière
AOC Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 25% Cabernet Franc, 75% Merlot
14.00%, 0,75 l
JS 93
DE 91
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92
Red still
14.00%, 0,75 l
RP 91
JS 94
VO 91
DE 91
Price CHF 26.20
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90
Red still
Chateau Croix-Mouton
AOC Bordeaux Superieur Rouge, Cabernet Franc, Merlot
14.00%, 0,75 l
RP 90
VO 90
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96
Red green still
Chateau Pavie
AOC Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 25% Cabernet Franc, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, 65% Merlot
14.50%, 0,75 l
RP 100
Price CHF 541.38
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94
Red green still
Chateau Laroque
AOC Saint-Emilion Grand Cru, 1% Cabernet Franc, 99% Merlot
14.00%, 0,75 l
DE 95
Price CHF 41.67
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91
Red still
Chateau Bellegrave
AOC Pauillac, 62% Cabernet Sauvignon, 38% Merlot
13.00%, 0,75 l
JS 91
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89
White green dessert wine dessert wine
Chateau d'Arche
AOC Sauternes, Sauvignon, Semillon
13.00%, 0,75 l
Price CHF 27.17
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91
Red still
13.00%, 0,75 l
RP 90
VO 90
Price CHF 33.85
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95
White dessert wine dessert wine
Chateau Rieussec
AOC Sauternes Premier Grand Cru Classè, Sauvignon, Semillon
14.00%, 0,375 l
WS 93
JS 98
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92
Red still
Chateau Desmirail
AOC Margaux Troisièmes crus, 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, 55% Merlot, 5% Petit Verdot
13.50%, 0,75 l
WS 92
JS 92
VO 93
DE 91
Price CHF 54.19
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89
White still
Chateau Mont-Perat
AOC Bordeaux Blanc, Sauvignon, Semillon
13.00%, 0,75 l
Price CHF 20.99
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92
Red still
14.00%, 0,75 l
RP 94
JS 94
VO 92
DE 93
CHF 46.85 inc VAT
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89
White organic still
Chateau Peybonhomme - Les - Tours
AOC Cotes De Bordeaux, 45% Sauvignon, 45% Semillon, 10% Colombard
14.50%, 0,75 l
Price CHF 27.49
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