||40% Cabernet Sauvignon, 25% Merlot, 30% Syrah, 5% Petit Verdot
||Località I Pianali, Livorno.
||After a long and hard winter, with unusually low average temperatures ranging between 0 and 7° C, the spring was marked by abundant rains which continued throughout May. Even during the spring months, the temperatures were below average. It was only in June that temperatures rose and reached the average seasonal values around 22° C, with a few hot days up to 31° C, which favored plant growth. The subsequent summer months were sunny and very hot, with the exception of 2 days of summer thunderstorms at the end of July, it almost never rained. The last weeks of August were very hot, and the highest temperatures even reached 35° C. Given such a hot and dry August, harvesting began well in advance, as early as August 27. The first grapes to be collected were Merlot grapes from the warmest, most muddysandy plots of land. At the end of the first week of September, Cabernet Franc harvesting began and was followed by that of Syrah. Merlot harvesting from the Crus of the estate ended on September 21. September continued without heavy rainfalls, which sped up harvest times. Cabernet Sauvignon was entirely harvested in the last ten days of the month. This plot-based harvest prevented the withering and over-ripening of grapes even in a hot year like this one. Although the alcohol strength will be higher, the level of phenolic maturity is ideal. Merlot is the variety which has benefited most from the weather in 2011, expressing more intense aromas and an excellent structural quality.
||After destemming and soft crushing the different grape varieties were vinified separately. Fermentation and maceration took place in stainless steel vats for 15-20 days at a controlled temperature within 28° C.
||Part of the wine was then transferred into used 225 l French and Hungarian oak barrels, where malolactic fermentation was completed and the wine was aged for about 8 months. The other 50% of the wine remained in stainless steel tanks for the fining and was then blended before bottling.