||The climate of Jerez is the hottest in all of Spain. The proximity to the Atlantic Ocean helps with humid winds from the west at night to cool the soil and the vines and the Atlantic breeze is also due to the formation of a precious yeast 'Saccharomyces Beticus' that forming suulla grape skin is responsible for the formation of the 'Flor' yeast protective layer that isolates the wine from contact with the air and give it a special and unique taste.
|Composition of the land
||The most important field is called 'Albariza', white chalk and is particularly around San Lucar de Barrameda where they produce the best 'Finos' called 'Manzanilla'. The peculiarity of this ground is to quickly absorb water which rarely falls, immediately after it forms a uniform crostasuperficiale that prevents its evaporation.
||The method called Solera (from the Spanish 'suelo') was the mid-1800s when the English importers asked the wineries have a constant quality in taste. The method is that you can add to the wine previously held in the barrels, the other new wine in order to ensure the continuity of the 'Flor' that might otherwise die if not continually refreshed with new wine. It then takes no more than one third of wine from the barrels older, while in the fall, will be drawn from the barrels above the same quantity of wine removed until the last barrel above the 'criadera' (pile of barrels of 550l.) which will be filled with new wine.
||After the harvest is the mashing, then proceed with a rapid fermentation (about 8 days), followed immediately by a malolactic fermentation (degradation of malic acid into lactic acid, which has a pH less acid with simultaneous production of carbon carbon). At this point we proceed with a 'Mutated', ie the addition of a wine distillate at 78%, which blocks all fermentations in place, thanks to the action antiseptic and preservative. (Up: 15-16% alcohol; Oloroso: 17-18% alcohol). During malolactic fermentation will form a layer on the surface of yeast exhausted called flor. At this point the capataz (cellar master) selects the type of sherry in the thickness of the flor and proceed to aging.
||The PX is a great wine for meditation where you do not need no match, due to its complexity that makes the taste sensory experience.